Maggie Lee at 356 Mission


Maggie Lee deals with memory and reconstructs her past experiences via filmic, sculptural and installation processes. Those who have not yet seen her film, Mommy (2015)the artist’s poignant and innovative ode to her deceased mother—may dismiss the defiantly lo-fi production that is Gigi*s Underground, her current solo exhibition at 356 Mission. Lee’s deskilled aesthetic belies the complex nature of her diaristic output—a collaged and repurposed reality that brims with nostalgia, aspiration, and heartache.

Gigi*s Underground is an atmospheric exploration of the unexpected quandaries when adolescence transitions into adulthood (sex, friendship, ambition). The resulting desire-infused installation is a collapsed representation of a club, a runway, a film set, and a bedroom all at once. While the polygonal and heart-shaped iconography that appears in works such as Superstar (all works 2016) and Gigi*s Friend, respectively, function as a harkening back to a more innocent life, Gigi*s mid-aughts club kid ambiance reigns supreme, subordinating the individual works to its service.

Maggie Lee once said that editing is a lot like DJing. It makes sense, then, that Gigi*s Underground haunts back to 2006, when she was heavily involved with the New York electronic music scene. It is the memories of this social milieu—and the desire to return to it while dealing with her mother’s death in New Jersey—that ultimately drives the installation. It’s rare when artists lay bare the moments that got them to where they are now, as we often cringe at the recollection of our fumbling and awkward youths instead of embracing it. In the end, if we don’t have our memories, what do we really have?

Image: Maggie Lee: Gigi*s Underground (installation view) (2016)
Courtesy of the artist, Real Fine Arts, New York, and 356 S. Mission Road, Los Angeles
Photo: Brica Wilcox.

Originally published by Contemporary Art Review Los Angeles, October 12, 2016

Andrea Büttner at David Kordansky Gallery


Andrea Büttner’s Los Angeles debut is in many ways a replica of the artist’s recent solo exhibitions at Kunsthalle Wien and the Walker Art Center. Far from complacent mimicry, this act of reiteration is emblematic of the German artist’s ongoing reinvestigation of her core concerns and working methods.

It follows, then, that her practice deals with reproducibility, often manifesting itself in antiquated forms such as woodcuts and etchings. Through wide-ranging employment of these processes, the exhibition examines the tangled relationships between wealth and poverty, humility and pride, charity and commerce. As such, Büttner’s fragmented and disparate installation takes time to unpack.

Replication is explored most overtly in a grouping of nine woodcuts from the artist’s “Beggar” series that, unlike all other wall-based works on view, is unframed. This lack of protection, and the sense of vulnerability that accompanies it, echoes the subject’s alien plight, but also raises notions of symbolic and physical support. For instance, Büttner’s “Phone Etching” series — which marries the distinctly analogue process of etching with the digital hegemony of the iPhone — has a trifold support system: each is framed and installed on a fabric-lined wood construction, which is itself installed on the gallery’s walls. This stratified framework is a willful contradiction to that of the tenuously installed “Beggar” works, mirroring the many polarities at play here.

The show’s most engaging work is a succinct examination of disparity and opposition. The table-based work Selected images of beggars sourced from auction catalogues in the archive of the Aby Warburg Institute, London (2015–16) is comprised of colored inkjet prints of fifteenth- and sixteenth-century depictions of beggars. These reproductions are in fact pictures of the front and back of archived images — photographs of photographs — that had been documented by auction houses such as Sotheby’s. The work not only brings about a cognitive dissonance between the portrayed subject matter and the apparent market for the artworks themselves, but it also questions, as do all the works in this exhibition, the historical imperative for the original.

Image: Andrea Büttner Phone Etching, 2015, etching, 76 3/4 x 44 1/8 inches (194.9 x 112.1 cm)
Courtesy the artist and David Kordansky Gallery, Los Angeles

Originally published by Flash Art, October 4, 2016

Depths Plumbed: Interview with Julien Nguyen


Julien Nguyen makes paintings that are at once referential and intensely personal, employing subject matter that ranges from Renaissance architecture to artificial intelligence to the films of Kathryn Bigelow. Nguyen’s work is of a kind of archeology that is fully cognizant of art history but also driven to disrupt assumed notions of its discourses. Accepting painting’s theatricality as a given, he uses knowledge to create fantasy, pitting familiar forms against one another. On the occasion of his West Coast solo debut, Flash Art sat down with the artist in his Los Angeles studio.

Your work has a rich, fantastical quality that has recently incorporated Renaissance painting and architectural motifs. What compelled you to employ these elements, particularly the use of perspective? 

I think this is largely motivated by a desire to move past the crisis of the nineteenth-century photographic image, which continues to occupy a lot of the discourse around representation, and which for me is based on a fundamental misunderstanding. I work with a lot of early modern idioms that coincide with the establishment of sovereignty and sovereign power, perspective being foremost among them. Perspective is a relatively unencumbered organizing tool for the construction of imaginary worlds: a subject can array a hierarchical system (of its own device!) of recognition and creation. It is also something that does not require an excessive amount of labor specialization.

This said, perspective is also a tool for establishing borders, another early-modern innovation. I think this speaks further to the idea that the development of humanism lay not in the invention of inwardness per se (which can be seen as far back as Augustine’s Confessions), but in the realization that this same inwardness afforded a means of dissimulation that in turn offered leverage against the world as given.

Humanism as subterfuge allows one to bypass the question of the subject as organizing myth of bourgeois ideology and instead trace a direct line to it as a contemporary vehicle for both encoding and navigating systems in general. The real question becomes how Bronzino established himself in Cosimo I’s household despite the purgation of homosexuals from the ducal court.

The figures in your work often have elongated features and mannered poses that seem to be a fusion of disparate approaches toward figuration — ranging from antiquity to contemporary pop culture.  

I would hope that this is not understood as style, which would be an essentially formalist reading. The difference between Velazquez and Uccello isn’t so much their particular visions of the world, but instead how they successfully interpolated themselves into their respective governing structures. That is to say, that if ideology as “imaginary representation” operates on the level of the unconscious, these distortions are not expressions of my “view of the world” but are resultant from my emergence within it: reenacting the nanosecond in which a camera captures Hillary Clinton’s light-sucking eye to reveal a reptilian underneath the human membrane.

Filmic references often appear in your paintings, though the titles seem to be the only overt reference to these films — as if they are ciphers and the role-play between title and composition enables a specific kind of dialogue. 

Yes. Pictorial composition, in its analytic or constructive capacity, is to my mind analogous to the durational character of film. In other words, the difference between photography or photo-relative art and my work is the same as the difference between making an ugly face and having one.

What affect has moving back to LA had on your painting, if any?

The idea of the sublime in art is often misremembered as a totalitarian phenomenon. Longinus (a Greek from the first century) instead proposes that only democracy can be the “careful nurse” of sublime comprehension, and cites Sapphic poetry as a primary example. Los Angeles (to my mind) is a Bermuda Triangle between the sublime, the picturesque and the uncanny: a place where metropolitan civilization, having strayed so far from home, touches a void. I also don’t drive, and I enjoy being a passenger here.

Image: Julien Nguyen I know why the caged bird sssings, 2016, Oil on panel, 45 x 70 x 1.5 inches (114.3 x 177.8 x 3.8 cm)
Courtesy the artist and Freedman Fitzpatrick, Los Angeles

Originally published by Flash Art, September 16, 2016

The Soft Shoe at Rainbow in Spanish


The Soft Shoe, the second exhibition at the recently opened Rainbow in Spanish, has a wryly composed press release—placed within it are lyrics lifted from the Gram Parsons song “The New Soft Shoe,” above smaller pieces of text that originate from a damning real estate inspection report. This oddly agreeable pairing sets an ambiguous tone that parallels the unfettered dialogues within the show itself.

Snugly commingling five L.A.-based artists, The Soft Shoe situates itself in the sculptural arena, though only four of the show’s nine works officially reside in the form. The trimmed paper edges of Jeff Ono’s collages, for instance, spatially commune with Neal Bashor’s vibrant sculptures, which almost overpower the installation. While Bashor’s works assertively command space, Lisa Lapinski’s Holly Hobby Lobby (2016) and Noam Rappaport’s Untitled (2015-16) are reticently energetic.

The show’s figurative outlier, a whimsical yet haunting self-portrait by Dianna Molzan, delivers a red-faced Dianna gazing through tacked-on plastic glasses. The construction cryptically adds to the assemblage conversation at hand, but also echoes the porous sentiments of the press release, which loosely posit that it’s not the task of the creator to explain, but rather the responsibility of the audience to engage.  With this, the exhibition’s goal to establish relevant, meaningful exchanges in lieu of a burdensome academic theme was met. Indeed, The Soft Shoe doesn’t force any ideas, and that’s just fine.

Image: The Soft Shoe at Rainbow in Spanish (installation view)(2016) Left to right: Neal Bashor, Lisa Lapinski, Neal Bashor
Courtesy the artists and Rainbow in Spanish

Originally published by Contemporary Art Review Los Angeles, September 14, 2016

Barry Johnston at Overduin & Co.


Situated throughout “Our Fertile Hand,” Barry Johnston’s loaded and compelling second solo at Overduin & Co., are stacks of colored printouts in a DIY aesthetic most commonly associated with scrappy punk bands promoting upcoming gigs. Though in the guise of a lo-fi mode of advertising, these fliers — each adorned with the moniker “Festive Publications” — provide little “useful” information; rather, they contain poems that serve as tangential portals through the show. They pull the visitor through the space, beckoning their collection and prompting one to consider how they fit within the exhibition as a whole. While alluding frequently to a “we,” the fliers are almost entirely devoid of the words “I” and “me,” suggesting — along with the show’s title itself — a disposal of the individual in favor of collective activity, a persistent theme throughout the installation.

Upon entering the space, one immediately confronts a gigantic, black, hanging sculpture in rope and acrylic on wood in the form of the letter I (I, 2016). But when the viewer passes into the second gallery space, the subjecthood assumed in that large first-person-singular pronoun is destabilized by I’s companion piece, II. Here Johnston leads us down a path only to suddenly reverse position, boomeranging the viewer’s understanding of what was seen moments before — the kind of performative subversion of semantic experience that has been a constant in Johnson’s work.

In this latest outing, Johnston investigates the undermining of language and meaning most overtly in a series of framed book pages from which the majority of words have been excised, forming a jovially loose patchwork of meaning. While many of the questions “Our Fertile Hand” poses remain in the realm of speculation, the reward of the experience is gently pulling at the strings of suggestion.

Image: Barry Johnston I, Rope and acrylic on wood, 108 x 29 ¾ x ¾ in (274.3 x 75.6 x 1.9 cm)
Courtesy the artist and Overduin & Co.

Originally published in Flash Art, vol. 49, no. 310, (September/October 2016), p. 98

Bone Structure at AA|LA


Bone Structure, the current exhibition at AA|LA, implores viewers to consider the body as a site of oppression, mutability, and memory. As an examination into the relationship between corporeality and identity, each work is infused with ample amounts of social commentary and subjective experience.

Brazilian artist Felipe Meres offers a rather gimmicky approach towards examining sexuality that has him impregnating his sculpture with synthetic testosterone and protein powder. Its title, EffusaElegans (2016), references a worm variety that reproduces hermaphroditically. Notions of gender identity and individualism are intriguingly navigated here but seem out of step with the show’s other contributions.

The show’s most potent work, Devin Kenny’s The list must incl. other terms for you to recognize mine (for Nakia Jones & Chris Dorner) (2016) name-drops two widely publicized figures, each known for decrying—albeit in wholly different manners—police brutality. Kenny’s sculpture, a police chalk outline that has been covered in sweeping compound, conjures the brushing away of officer culpability.

Equally captivating is Sondra Perry’s video Double Quadruple Etcetera Etcetera (2013), which silently depicts two black dancers (artists Danny Giles and Joiri Minaya), their gestures heavily obfuscated by a Photoshop editing feature. Though the purpose of the software function is to mute images and motions, the dancers’ fervent, at times violent, movements are irrepressible.

With over sixty percent of the exhibition dedicated to matters pertaining directly to race, the remainder feels less like an addition to a well-rounded dialogue about identity and more like filler. Though representation of all facets of identity within a single exhibition is impossible, the imbalance on view here gives pause.

Image: Devin Kenny The list must incl. other terms for you to recognize mine (for Nakia Jones & Chris Dorner), 2016, Sweeping compound, steel cable, coroplast, Dimensions variable Courtesy of the artist and AA|LA

Originally published by Contemporary Art Review Los Angeles, August 11, 2016

Daniel Richter at Regen Projects


One could easily be forgiven for thinking wild thing, Daniel Richter’s energetic and seductive solo exhibition at Regen Projects, has far too many paintings in it. In truth, there are significantly more canvases than a typical installation of works this size; yet it quickly becomes apparent that premeditation, not compulsion, directs this immersive exhibition.

Known for haunting, psychedelic compositions that fuse abstraction and figuration, Daniel Richter’s work is populated with ghostly figures that exude a comedown from the utopian idealism of the 1960s, and the later, anarchic thrust of punk, alike. While Richter’s previous bodies of work extended glimpses at disparate socio-political narratives, there are no such offerings here. Instead, a newly liberated and streamlined method of execution makes for seemingly endless variations that almost exclusively begin with horizontally striped, multi-colored backgrounds on which carnal vignettes are constructed. While the source material is clearly lifted from the pornographic arena, the resultant imagery is a sublimated departure from its sordid origins, leaving behind a nebulous, though still legible, representation of form.

Had the artist chosen to depict faithful renditions of the appropriated imagery, the result would have been a kind of recalibrated voyeurism. Titillation is not of primary interest here; rather, Richter sees these primal acts as a means to fully engage physical momentum, dramatic gesture, and compositional dynamism. Though Richter’s new shadowy figures share the same resplendent colors of works past, they’re unencumbered by the constraints of historical allusion—here they are caught in a perpetually vivid and alluring purgatory.

Image: Daniel Richter, HUSH NOW, 2016, Oil on canvas, 79 3/4 x 107 1/2  x 1 3/4 inches (202.6 x 273.7 x 4.4 cm)
Courtesy the artist and Regen Projects, Los Angeles

Originally published by Contemporary Art Review Los Angeles, July 14, 2016